Housing Design Ideas
The students have developed their Housing designs ideas for the Engineering for People Design Challenge, find out more below and vote for your favourite in the People’s Prize.
Adequate housing is a right of every South African, as stated in the Constitution of the country. The end of Apartheid made socio-economic inclusion a priority on South Africa’s development agenda. The Reconstruction and Development Programme (RDP) is a socio-economic policy framework that aims to ensure people have access to adequate housing. The country’s housing programme has been successful in terms of the number of houses built, but the supply of houses has not been able to keep up with the increase in demand in urban areas.
There is a critical housing shortage in the inner city of Johannesburg and the condition of existing structures is deteriorating. The housing backlog is conservatively estimated at 300,000 units with an average delivery of only 3,500 housing units per year. The unofficial backlog, including those in the “missing middle” of the housing market puts that number far higher.
Student teams from across the UK and Ireland created design solutions to address a challenge being faced in Makers Valley. Explore the submissions below and cast your vote for the People’s Prize.
UK2020-103 University College Dublin
WikiTainer is an online platform that provides open-source instruction manuals to the public on how to build affordable modular homes from shipping containers. The manuals displayed on the website are created by experts in the field and are designed to be accessible, with options available to customize plans to suit the individuals needs. WikiTainer works in tandem with the local community making use of locally-sourced materials and resources such as Maker’s Valley’s highly skilled workforce and local businesses and tradespeople and in turn the Wikitainer programme gives back to the community by stimulating the local economy.
UK2020-140 University of Sheffield
48.2% of South Africans are currently homeless, of which at least 110000 of these individuals are in Johannesburg. This project proposes to take an former industrial building in the suburb of Bertrams and convert it to an apartment complex. The materials of choice are eco-bricks made from non-recyclable plastic waste and concrete containing recycled glass. This would provide affordable and sustainable accommodation for the employees of the various creative enterprises in Maker’s Valley.
UK2020-155 University of Brighton
This report focuses on creating a solution for the housing problem that promotes well-being, affordability, sustainability for lower income families. It is said that for every 1 person of housing space, 5 people will occupy the same space in flats and detached homes all of which will be on a low income of 3500R per month. Modular housing was chosen with some design alterations for this task. We also tried to solve other problems within the design such as sanitation and energy efficiency through water irrigation rooftops, substituting materials and increasing insulation effectiveness.